ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 42 Artificial Intelligence - Working Group 4
Use Cases & Applications 04/08/2020
Editor's comments and enhancements are shown in green. [✓ Reviewed]
The quality of use case submissions will be evaluated for inclusion in the Working Group's Technical Report based on the application area, relevant AI technologies, credible reference sources (see References section), and the following characteristics:
 Data Focus & Learning: Use cases for AI system which utilizes Machine Learning, and those that use a fixed a priori knowledge base.
 Level of Autonomy: Use cases demonstrating several degrees (dependent, autonomous, human/critic in the loop, etc.) of AI system autonomy.
 Verifiability & Transparency: Use cases demonstrating several types and levels of verifiability and transparency, including approaches for explainable AI, accountability, etc.
 Impact: Use cases demonstrating the impact of AI systems to society, environment, etc.
 Architecture: Use cases demonstrating several architectural paradigms for AI systems (e.g., cloud, distributed AI, crowdsourcing, swarm intelligence, etc.)
 Functional aspects, trustworthiness, and societal concerns
 AI life cycle components include acquire/process/apply.
These characteristics are identified in red in the use case.
Use Case Name:
Machine learning driven approach to identify the weak spots in the manufacturing of the circuit breakers.
To generate actionable intelligence to improve the manufacturing process of circuit breakers through mining of manufacturing related data.
Short Description (up to 150 words)
An approach was developed that can mine the manufacturing data of circuit breakers through multiple machine learning algorithms. The approach could successfully identify the weak spots in the manufacturing where failure rate jumped from 0.2% to 7% (35 fold more probability of failure) and hence candidates for improvement in the manufacturing process.
High voltage circuit breakers are critical component of an electric circuit and it has a normal lifespan of 30-40 years. However, due to various reasons few circuit breakers fail within 0-5 years of operation. As a manufacturer of these circuit breakers, lots of data related to manufacturing aspects are present with the manufacturer. Such data has information about production lot size, material of production, design voltages for sub-components, heater voltages, date of failure etc. In general data related to 49 variables are captured for close to 56000 circuit breakers over a lifespan of several years. The manufacturer is interested to know if there are any weak spots in the manufacturing process which leads to higher failure rates. Circuit breakers can fail not only due to manufacturing defects but also due to wrong operation of the circuit breaker in the field e.g. applying voltages higher than design values. However, operational data of the circuit breakers was not available with the manufacturer. Therefore, the key challenge of this project was knowledge discovery with partial data set using machine learning algorithms. The data scientists applied various machine learning algorithms such as decision tree, random forest, support vector machine, Na´ve Bayes classifier, logistic regression and neural network and compared the results of one algorithm verses the other algorithm. Through multiple numerical experimentations on data selection and algorithm hyper parameter tuning, the data scientist team selected the best algorithms and deduced the key weak spots in the manufacturing that are generally associated with high failure rates. In conclusion, the work provided a set of 5 actionable rules, where the failure rates jumped drastically from 0.2% to 7% leading to 35-fold higher chance of failure.
Kumar, S., K., Jamkhandi, A., G., and Gugaliya, J., K., Achieving Manufacturing Excellence through Data Driven Decisions, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, Melbourne Australia PP 1267-1273
Peer-reviewed scientific/technical publications on AI applications (e.g. ).
Patent documents describing AI solutions (e.g. , ).
Technical reports or presentations by renowned AI experts (e.g. )
High quality company whitepapers and presentations
Publicly accessible sources with sufficient detail
This list is not exhaustive. Other credible sources may be acceptable as well.
Examples of credible sources:
 B. Du Boulay. "Artificial Intelligence as an Effective Classroom Assistant". IEEE Intelligent Systems, V 31, p.76-81. 2016.
 S. Hong. "Artificial intelligence audio apparatus and operation method thereof". N US 9,948,764, Available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/US20150120618A1/en. 2018.
 M.R. Sumner, B.J. Newendorp and R.M. Orr. "Structured dictation using intelligent automated assistants". N US 9,865,280, 2018.
 J. Hendler, S. Ellis, K. McGuire, N. Negedley, A. Weinstock, M. Klawonn and D. Burns. "WATSON@RPI, Technical Project Review".
URL: https://www.slideshare.net/jahendler/watson-summer-review82013final. 2013