ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 42 Artificial Intelligence - Working Group 4
Use Cases & Applications 04/10/2020
Editor's comments and enhancements are shown in green. [✓ Reviewed]
The quality of use case submissions will be evaluated for inclusion in the Working Group's Technical Report based on the application area, relevant AI technologies, credible reference sources (see References section), and the following characteristics:
 Data Focus & Learning: Use cases for AI system which utilizes Machine Learning, and those that use a fixed a priori knowledge base.
 Level of Autonomy: Use cases demonstrating several degrees (dependent, autonomous, human/critic in the loop, etc.) of AI system autonomy.
 Verifiability & Transparency: Use cases demonstrating several types and levels of verifiability and transparency, including approaches for explainable AI, accountability, etc.
 Impact: Use cases demonstrating the impact of AI systems to society, environment, etc.
 Architecture: Use cases demonstrating several architectural paradigms for AI systems (e.g., cloud, distributed AI, crowdsourcing, swarm intelligence, etc.)
 Functional aspects, trustworthiness, and societal concerns
 AI life cycle components include acquire/process/apply.
These characteristics are identified in red in the use case.
Use Case Name:
Machine Learning Tools in Support of Transformer Diagnostics
Use of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms as supporting tools for the automatic classification of power transformers operating condition
Short Description (up to 150 words)
The successful use of ML tools may find multiple applications in the industry such as providing fast ways of analysing new data streaming from online sensors, evaluating the importance of individual variables in the context of transformer condition assessment and also the need or adequacy of data imputation in the so widely common problem of missing data
The work consists of training 12 ML algorithms with real data from 1,000 (one thousand) transformers that were individually analyzed by human experts. Each transformer in the database is scored with a ‘green’, ‘yellow’ or ‘red’ card depending on the data, the interpretation of human experts, or even after some calculations carried out by the company’s internal algorithms frequently utilized by the experts to identify units with technical operational issues. The ML algorithms, however, do not utilize or are given any of the engineering tools employed by the human experts. The algorithms only employed the raw data in a supervised learning process in which a column named ‘Class’ was added to the transformer information with the classification red, yellow or green provided by the human expert.
Peer-reviewed scientific/technical publications on AI applications (e.g. ).
Patent documents describing AI solutions (e.g. , ).
Technical reports or presentations by renowned AI experts (e.g. )
High quality company whitepapers and presentations
Publicly accessible sources with sufficient detail
This list is not exhaustive. Other credible sources may be acceptable as well.
Examples of credible sources:
 B. Du Boulay. "Artificial Intelligence as an Effective Classroom Assistant". IEEE Intelligent Systems, V 31, p.76-81. 2016.
 S. Hong. "Artificial intelligence audio apparatus and operation method thereof". N US 9,948,764, Available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/US20150120618A1/en. 2018.
 M.R. Sumner, B.J. Newendorp and R.M. Orr. "Structured dictation using intelligent automated assistants". N US 9,865,280, 2018.
 J. Hendler, S. Ellis, K. McGuire, N. Negedley, A. Weinstock, M. Klawonn and D. Burns. "WATSON@RPI, Technical Project Review".
URL: https://www.slideshare.net/jahendler/watson-summer-review82013final. 2013